Throughout history, many brilliant mathematicians have made significant advancements in the field, including numerous Black mathematicians who have overcome racial barriers and challenges.

These remarkable individuals have made vital contributions to various branches of mathematics, including algebra, geometry, and number theory.

Their work has not only expanded the boundaries of human knowledge but has also paved the way for future mathematicians from diverse backgrounds to reach the heights of success.

The achievements of these extraordinary individuals cannot be understated, as they have persistently broken through societal barriers and pushed the limits of their respective fields.

By understanding and appreciating their contributions, we can better acknowledge the importance of diversity and representation in the world of mathematics and inspire future generations to pursue their passions, regardless of their backgrounds.

## Famous Black Mathematicians

### 1. *David Blackwell*

David Blackwell was an influential mathematician and statistician. He made significant contributions to game theory, probability theory, and Bayesian statistics.

**Also Read:** Famous Black Engineers

Blackwell was the first African American to be inducted into the National Academy of Sciences.

He also played a crucial role in mentoring and supporting young mathematicians, particularly those from underrepresented backgrounds.

### 2. *J. Ernest Wilkins Jr.*

J. Ernest Wilkins Jr. was a remarkable mathematician and physicist. He earned his Ph.D. in mathematics at the age of 19 from the University of Chicago, becoming one of the youngest individuals to earn a doctorate.

Wilkins made contributions to a wide range of fields, including mathematical physics, nuclear reactor theory, and engineering. He also worked on the Manhattan Project during World War II.

### 3. *Benjamin Banneker*

Benjamin Banneker was a self-educated mathematician, astronomer, and inventor.

He is known for his work on predicting solar and lunar eclipses and his publication of almanacs that contained valuable information for farmers and navigators.

**Also Read:** Famous Black Scientists

Banneker was one of the first African Americans to gain recognition for his accomplishments in science and mathematics during a time when opportunities for education and advancement were severely limited for Black individuals.

### 4. *Elbert Frank Cox*

Elbert Frank Cox was the first African American to earn a Ph.D. in mathematics. He received his doctorate from Cornell University in 1925.

**Also Read:** Black Physicists

Cox made significant contributions to number theory and probability theory. He also played a crucial role in mentoring and encouraging young Black mathematicians.

He taught at Howard University for many years and was a prominent advocate for equal access to education.

### 5. *Euphemia Haynes*

Euphemia Haynes was the first African American woman to earn a Ph.D. in mathematics. She completed her doctorate at The Catholic University of America in 1943.

Haynes was a dedicated educator and taught mathematics for several decades.

Her research focused on functional analysis and she made notable contributions to this field. She was also involved in advocating for quality education for all students.

### 6. *Katherine Johnson*

Katherine Johnson was a pioneering mathematician and physicist who played a vital role in the early years of the United States space program.

She calculated trajectories, including those for the first American in space and the first moon landing. Her calculations were critical for the success of these missions. Johnson’s story gained widespread recognition through the book and movie “Hidden Figures.”

Her work not only advanced space exploration but also broke barriers for women and Black individuals in STEM fields.

### 7. *Marjorie Lee Browne*

Marjorie Lee Browne was an accomplished mathematician and educator. She earned her Ph.D. in mathematics from the University of Michigan in 1949, becoming one of the first African American women to do so.

Browne made contributions to abstract algebra and worked on various mathematical research projects. She also dedicated herself to teaching and mentoring students, especially those from marginalized backgrounds.

### 8. *Dudley Weldon Woodard*

Dudley Weldon Woodard was the first African American to earn a Ph.D. in mathematics. He completed his doctorate at the University of Pennsylvania in 1928.

Woodard was a pioneer in the field of mathematical education for African Americans. He taught at several institutions and encouraged his students to pursue advanced degrees in mathematics.

Woodard’s work significantly impacted the mathematical community and the education of Black mathematicians.

### 9. *Clarence F. Stephens*

Clarence F. Stephens was a mathematician and educator who made significant contributions to the field of numerical analysis. He earned his Ph.D. from the University of Michigan in 1939.

Stephens taught at various institutions and was known for his dedication to teaching and his research in numerical methods and differential equations. He was actively involved in promoting the education of African Americans in mathematics.

### 10. *Kelly Miller*

While Kelly Miller is not primarily known as a mathematician, he was a prominent African American mathematician, sociologist, and essayist. He was one of the first African Americans to attend Johns Hopkins University, where he studied mathematics and physics.

Miller played a significant role in advocating for equal educational opportunities for African Americans and wrote extensively on issues of race, education, and civil rights.